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Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer design image

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix; the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. In 2018, an estimated 570 000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer worldwide and about 311 000 women died from the disease.

Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.

Symptoms of early stage of cervical cancer may include:

  • Bleeding during sexual intercourse.
  • Postmenopausal bleeding.
  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Foul-smelling discharge.

Seek immediate medical help Incase of any highlighted above symptoms.

See also

Mental Health

Gender Based Violence

Prevention and control of cervical cancer

Proper diagnosis and early treatment remains the best way to prevent cancer. Effective primary (HPV vaccination) and secondary prevention approaches (screening for, and treating precancerous lesions) will prevent most cervical cancer cases.

When diagnosed, cervical cancer is one of the most successfully treatable forms of cancer, as long as it is detected early and managed effectively. Cancers diagnosed in late stages can also be controlled with appropriate treatment and palliative care.

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